Tearing Down Bridges – Turkey's Withdrawal from Creative Europe
Istanbul is not only a vast metropolitan area and ancient city; it is also the meeting point of continents. To cross the Bosporus is symbolically to connect differences and move from one imagined collective to another. This position, materialised in bridges, characterises the entire country. Turkey is a connector of cultures and has the power to unite, yet also to divide. The current Turkish government may have recently built another bridge over this historic strait, but it has also decided that in the future fewer artists, intellectuals and ideas will travel over it symbolically. A few days ago, it unilaterally withdrew from the European Union Creative Europe programme – the programme that funds artistic production and exchange – without articulating why. This act in the light of the recent changes in Turkey may be small, yet it marks a further deepening of the bleak situation in the country. The harsh application of the state of emergency makes it increasingly impossible to have constructive cultural dialogue both inside Turkey and between Turkey and the rest of the world.
As in most situations of crisis, nuance is the first victim. Still with this statement we don't want to make general claims or to oversimplify the situation. Without judging the current difficult situation in the country, we want to raise awareness of the consequences of stopping its participation in the Creative Europe programme. It will profoundly damage the fragile cultural exchange that still exists between Turkey and the European Union. Without dialogue between cultural institutions, an important source for soft power in the region will be lost. Yet this soft power is precisely what is needed today as a tool to negotiate differences peacefully, to learn and embrace diverse understandings of history and culture, to discover commonalities and reduce intolerance and discrimination. Mutual respect, already so rare these days, cannot be built by turning our backs to one another and shouting through headlines alone. Real discussions, sharing experiences, reflecting on common pasts or speculating on possible futures, these vital exchanges for any community and its relations to the world are frustrated when cultural institutions can no longer collaborate in a sustained and sustainable manner.
Our collective hope must be that hostilities in Turkey and its neighbouring countries will come to an end and peace can prevail. The long and difficult process of healing needs to begin. Cutting the cultural connections between Turkey and the European Union is not a step towards fulfilling that hope, and we therefore call on our political leaders in both Turkey and the European Union to find a way to keep the cultural dialogue open. Please do not tear down the bridges. Keep open the way for ideas to flow between us. The histories of Turkey and Europe have been woven together for centuries. Whatever our differences, whatever our beliefs, history and geography will not bend as a result of political will. Let us at least keep facing each other and allow our communities to exchange imaginations, hopes and dreams for a better future.
Zdenka Badovinac, Bart De Baere, Ferran Barenblit, Manuel Borja-Villel, Charles Esche, Vasif Kortun, Nataša Petrešin-Bachelez, Steven ten Thije